HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infects cells of the immune system, breaking down the body’s ability to fight off infections and diseases. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) refers to advanced stages of HIV infections where symptoms may occur. There are over 1 million people living with HIV in the U.S.
Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. Any sexually active person can be infected with chlamydia. The greater the number of sex partners, the greater the risk of infection. Because the cervix of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured, they are at particularly high risk for infection.
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported communicable disease in the U.S. Many do not have any symptoms. Those who have symptoms often experience a burning sensation when urinating. In women, these symptoms are often mistaken for a bladder or urinary tract infection. Although gonorrhea is curable, if left untreated it can cause serious and permanent health problems in both men and women.
Syphilis is an STD caused by bacteria that is transmitted from person to person by direct contact with syphilis sores. Syphilis is diagnosed by a blood test and is easily treated and cured in its early stages. Untreated syphilis may cause long-term complications and even death.